The Research Centre of the French Military Academy Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan (CREC), in collaboration with the Parquet Général of the French Cour de Cassation, organized the first edition of the International Military Justice Forum in Paris on November 18 and 19, 2021.
Thursday, November 18, 2021
Musée de l’Armée, Hôtel des Invalides, Auditorium Austerlitz
SESSION 1. MILITARY JUSTICE AS IT WAS (HISTORY OF MILITARY JUSTICE)
9:30 a.m. Opening of the Forum :
François Molins, Prosecutor General of the Cour de cassation
Major General Hervé de Courrèges, Superintendant of the Military Academy Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan
Ronan Doaré, Dean of the Military Academy Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan
Gwenaël Guyon, Head of the Department of Law and Ethics, Military Academy Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan
I. Military Justice during Modern Times
Chairman : Benjamin Deruelle (Professor in History, Université du Québec à Montréal – UQAM)
10:15 a.m. Philipp Portelance (PhD student, Université du Québec à Montréal- UQAM) : « The Colonels of the German Regiments Will Continue to Have the Justice of the Said Regiments »: The Delegation of Royal Justice as a Privilege of Foreign Regiments (1715-1791). »
10:35 a.m. Renaud Faget (Doctor in History, Panthéon Sorbonne) : The Military Command Seen by the Revolutionary Justice : The Evolutions of the Judicial Doctrine of War (1793-1794).
10:55 a.m. Hugo Beuvant (Doctor in Legal History, Université de Rennes 1) : The European Posterity of the 1796 French Code of Offences and Punishments for the Military Troops of the French Republic.
11:15 a.m. Break
11:35 a.m. David Gilles (Professor in Legal History, Université de Sherbrooke) : Military Justice in New France During the Seven Years War: The Debate About Native Substitutes.
11:55 a.m. Question time
II. Military Justice and World Wars
Chairman : Stéphane Baudens (Associate professor in Legal history, Académie Militaire Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan)
2:30 p.m. Gwenaël Guyon (Associate professor in Legal history, Military Academy-Cyr Coëtquidan) : French Military Justice From One War to Another: Reform, Controversies and comparisons (1870-1928).
2:50 p.m. Louis Panel (Museum curator, Monuments historiques) : Investigation by French Military Jurisdictions (1914-1919).
3:10 p.m. Jonas Campion (Professor in History, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières – UQTR): The Practice of Capital Punishment: The Case of Belgian Military Justice from 1944 to 1952.
3:30 p.m. Break
3:50 p.m. Julie Le Gac (Associate professor in History, Université Paris Nanterre) : Judging the Failures of the Fighters of the French Army During the Liberation of Europe (1943-1944). The Example of Military Justice During the Italian Campaign.
4:10 p.m. Evert Kleynhans (Senior Lecturer in Military History, Stellenbosch University) : High treason, Political Meddling and the Post-War Hunt for South-African Collaborators and Traitors, 1945-1948.
4:30 p.m. Raffaella Bianchi Riva (Associate professor in Legal History, Università degli Studi di Milano) : Military Justice and Ordinary Justice in Italy During the Transition From Fascism to Republic (1943-1948).
4.50 p.m. Question time
Friday, November 19, 2021
SESSION 2. MILITARY JUSTICE AS IT IS (CONTEMPORARY MILITARY JUSTICE)
Cour de cassation – Grand’chambre
Chairman : Ronan Doaré (Dean of the Military Academy Saint Cyr Coëtquidan
9:30 a.m. HHJ Alan Large (Judge Advocate General of the United Kingdom) : The Influence of the ECHR on the Current Military Justice System in the United Kingdom.
9:50 a.m. Group Captain John Devereux (Legal Officer in the Royal Australian Air Force) : The Australian Military Justice System : Understanding Military Discipline, Judicial Decisions and Future Issues.
10:10 a.m. Alison Duxbury (Professor in Law, University of Melbourne, Associate Director of the Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law) and Rain Liivoja (Associate professor in Law, University of Queensland) : Military or Civilian Justice : How Should the Decision be Made ?
10:30 a.m. Break
10:50 a.m. Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Maurer (Judge Advocate, Assistant Professor of Law, US Military Academy at Westpoint) : The De-Militarization of American Military Justice: Implications for Shifting the Center of Gravity From Commanders to ‘Justice’.
11:10 a.m. Lars Stevnsborg (Danish Military Prosecutor General) : Contemporary Military Justice Issues in Denmark.
11:30 a.m Questions time
Chairman : Frédéric Desportes (First General Advocate of the criminal chamber of the cour de cassation)
2:00 p.m. Maria Elizabeth Guimarães Teixeira Rocha (Former Chief-Justice and Justice of the Brazilian Superior Military Court) : The Brazilian Federal Military Justice : Challenges and Perspectives.
2:20 p.m. Màrio Monte (Professor in Law, University of Minho) : Military Justice Systems in Portuguese-Speaking Countries (Portugal, Brazil, Angola). A Comparative View.
2:40 p.m. Aurore Chauvelot (Associate General Advocate, Parquet général de la Cour de cassation) : The French System of Military Justice: An Orignal Model ?
3:00 p.m. Colonel Laurent Haas (Commandant of the Prevotal Gendarmerie) : The Prevotal Gendarmerie : Organisation, Operations, Missions.
3:20 p.m. Jean-Paul Laborde (Honorary magistrate, Cour de Cassation, former UN Assistant Secretary General at the Security Council on Counter-terrorism) : Military Justice and the Collect of Proofs on the Battlefield.
3:40 p.m. Question time
4:00 p.m. Break
SESSION 3. MILITARY JUSTICE AS IT COULD BE
Cour de cassation – Grand’chambre
Chairman : Eric Gherardi (Associate professor in Law, MIlitary Academy saint-Cyr Coëtquidan)
4:20 p.m. Brian Lee Cox (Former US Military legal advisor, Adjunct professor, Cornell Law School) : War Crimes, Killer Robots and Software 2.0. Preparing Military Justice and Accountability Frameworks for the Next Generation of Machine Learning.
4:40 p.m. Eric Pomès (Associate professor in Law, Institut Catholique de Vendée) :Autonomous Lethal Weapon Systems, A Complex Recognition of Criminal Liability.
5:00 p.m. Sarah Badari (Ph.D student in Law, CREC Saint-Cyr) : The Criminal Responsibility of the Enhanced Soldier.
5:20 p.m. Question time
5:40 p.m. Closing of the Forum